Bisphenol A (BPA)

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Bisphenol A (BPA) is used to make hard, clear, shatter-resistant plastics and resin coatings. These materials are essential to many consumer products, including eyeglass lenses, sports safety helmets, LED lighting fixtures, automotive headlamp lenses, and housing units for cell phones, laptops and tablets.

BPA also has been used in thermal paper receipts or as a safety lining in some canned foods. But exposures from these applications typically are extremely low. In fact, a consumer would have to ingest more than 500 pounds of epoxy-lined canned food or beverages every day to exceed the safe levels of BPA.

The results of numerous safety assessment by government scientists around the world support the safety of BPA. Most recently, in September 2018, U.S. government scientists published results from the CLARITY Core Study, a multipronged research program designed to assess the potential health effects of long-term exposure to BPA.

The results show that BPA has little potential to cause health effects, even when people are exposed to BPA throughout their lives. Commenting on the report, Dr. Stephen Ostroff, FDA’s Deputy Commissioner for Foods and Veterinary Medicine, said: “Our initial review supports our determination that currently authorized uses of BPA continue to be safe for consumers.”

Based on the CLARITY Core Study results, combined with earlier government research, three key findings emerge:

  1. consumer exposure is typically extremely low, well below safety limits recommended by government experts;

  2. BPA is rapidly eliminated from body;

  3. there is no risk of health effects at typical consumer exposure level.

In fact, extensive data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that typical human exposure to BPA from all sources is approximately 1,000 times below the safe level set by government agencies in the United States and Canada.